It is very important that you play an active role in preventing another stroke. There are many things that you can do, the most important one is to give up smoking if you smoke.
1. Take your medications on time:
If you often forget to take your medication, you can buy a “pill box” and use some of the other techniques described in the “Information for everyone” section.
Make sure your Blood Pressure, Diabetes and Cholesterol are in control: It is very important to visit your doctor every 3-6 months, and to check your blood pressure, cholesterol and sugar levels. Please see the attached table – it shows how much the value of each of these parameters should be. If your values are higher, then it means that your disease is not under control, and you may need to increase or change your medications.
2. Stop intake of Tobacco immediately:
As I said, this is probably the most important thing you can do. Tobacco not only causes stroke, but can also cause cancer and heart attacks. If you consume any form of tobacco: cigarettes, bidis, pan, mawa, you should give it up immediately. After giving up tobacco, your risk of having diseases drops rapidly within one year! Within a few years, it is almost as if you never used tobacco!
You are much more likely to have another stroke if you continue to smoke.
Stroke leads to weakness, and it may cause you to feel fatigued and depressed. But it is very important to exercise as much as possible. Not just your weakness, but your fatigue and depression too will improve with exercise.
For most people, the best exercise is walking. If you can walk, then start walking for 10 minutes in a day. Gradually increase this time so that you walk for at least 45 minutes in a day.
4. Eat the right kind of food:
If you have diabetes, you should decrease the intake of sugar and simple carbohydrates like rice.
If you have hypertension, you should decrease the intake of salt.
If you have high cholesterol, you should decrease the intake of oil, butter and oily/fried food.
Try to eat vegetables and while grains rather than refined/artifical foods.
If you are on warfarin or similar blood thinners, then you might need to follow an even more careful diet – click here.