How is Parkinson’s disease treated?

There are many medications and yes, as you can imagine – providing extra dopamine to the brain is one of the best ways to make the symptoms better. I have provided a list of these medications, but it is worth highlighting two of them:

  • Levodopa is the oral form of dopamine. It is converted into dopamine when it goes inside the brain. This is usually the first medication that is started. It is available in standard, dispersible and extended-duration preparations.
  • Young patients with very mild symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are given a different kind of medication initially. These medications are called dopamine agonists. There are 3 dopamine agonist medications: Pramipexole, Ropirinole, and Rotigotine. They are available in standard and extended duration preparations.

Levodopa is the most Effective medication for Parkinson’s disease. In special cases and in advanced disease, other medications are needed.

Most people do not have any side-effects from these medications, but few people can suffer problems due to some of these medicines.

Often, Parkinson’s disease progresses as patients grow older, so that new symptoms start appearing. Medications need to be changed as the disease changes.